||Introduction : critical art and history -- Classicism and romanticism. Patriotism and virtue : David to the Young Ingres / Thomas Crow ; Classicism in crisis : Gros to Delacroix / Thomas Crow ; The tensions of enlightenment : Goya ; Visionary history painting : Blake and his contemporaries / Brian Lukacher ; Nature and history in English romantic landscape painting / Brian Lukacher ; Landscape art and romantic nationalism in Germany and America / Brian Lukacher ; Architecture unshackled, 1790-1851 / Brian Lukacher -- New world frontiers. Old world, new world : the encounter of cultures on the American frontier / Frances K. Pohl ; Black and white in America / Frances K. Pohl -- Realism and naturalism. The generation of 1830 and the crisis in the public sphere ; The rhetoric of realism : Courbet and the origins of the avant-garde ; Photography, modernity, and art / David Llewellyn Phillips ; The decline of history painting : Germany, Italy, France, and Russia -- Modern art and life. Architecture and design in the age of industry ; Manet and the impressionists ; Issues of gender in Cassatt and Eakins / Linda Nochlin ; Mass culture and utopia : Seurat and neoimpressionism ; The appeal of modern art : Toulouse-Lautrec ; Abstraction and populism : Van Gogh ; Symbolism and the dialectics of retreat ; The failure of success of Cézanne.